We usually need to put of after quantifiers that are followed by a pronoun, a determiner or a possessive form before a noun.



Without of

With of


I made some fresh coffee and handed a cup to Adam.

Some of my jewellery is missing.


Don’t pay any attention to what she says.

Have you seen any of these new light bulbs in the shops yet?


She did the job, but without much enthusiasm.

Snow is now covering much of the country.


Many talented young scientists are moving to Australia.

She gave many of her best paintings to her friends.


Both Alice and Tim enjoy cycling.

Both of my parents are teachers.


All people over 18 are required to vote.

All of Bob’s closest friends were women.


He wrote down the cost of each item in his shopping basket.

Each of you should sign the register before you leave.


She searched the shelves for books on yoga, but could find none.

I tried on lots of coats but none of them fitted perfectly.


There was silence for a few seconds, and then she began to speak.

They had a few of their friends round.


It’ll take a little time, but I should be able to mend it.

Little of his money came from his parents.

NOTE: However, notice the following about many, all/both and each.

v We can use many between a determiner or possessive form and a following noun, particularly in rather formal speech and writing.

Example: The letter could have been sent by any of his many enemies.

v We can use much or many with this and that.


- I’ve never had this much money before.

- Many boys enjoy football. (= about boys in general) and

- Many of the boys enjoy football. (= about a particular group of boys)

v After personal pronouns we use all/both, not all of/both of.


- I’ve given all of/both of them to Bob/I’ve given them all/both to Bob.

- All of/Both of them need cleaning/They all/both need cleaning.

v In informal contexts we can leave out of before the, these, those (and this or that with all); my, her, his, etc., but not before them, you, or us (and it with all)


- Are you going to eat all (of) that cake, or can I finish it?

- All champagne comes from France. (= about champagne in general)

- All (of) the champagne we sell is from France. (= about a particular type of champagne)

v We can use each before articles, pronouns such as my, her, and our and possessive forms, when it means ‘each one’.

Example: I could see five young elephants, each the size of a car. (= each one)